California Almonds:

This amazing little nut made its first known appearance in 1400 BC. The book of Numbers in the Bible tells of Aaron’s rod that blossomed and bore almonds, using them as a symbol to represent the divine approval of Aaron by God. In 100 AD almonds were used as a fertility blessing by the Romans. Eventually, almonds were brought to California in the mid 1700s by Franciscan Padres. However, it wasn’t until a century later that almonds would make it to the central valley. Now they are the largest U.S. specialty crop export, as well as the top agricultural export of the state of California.

OUR TOP THREE CALIFORNIA PREMIUM VARIETIES:

 

Nonpareil

Nonpareil is the first variety to be harvested, and sets the standard of measure for all varieties. It is desired for its high quality nut and thin shell. It is a flat, medium-sized kernel that is easy to process, which results in a blemish free nut.

 

California type

California Type trees are easily blanchable and used primarily in manufactured products. California Type almonds have a wide range of harvest times, shell hardness, kernel shapes, skin color, and surface characteristics. This makes the type adaptable to different needs, and used throughout the industry.

 

mission type

Mission Types bloom six days and harvest 28 days after Nonpareil. They are well-sealed and hard-shelled. The nut is plump and small to medium. The skin is darker and more wrinkled than Nonpareil, which leads to good flavor adherence.

 

 

Major California Almond Varieties

Variety
Classification Type
Harvest
Shell
Nut
Nonpareil California type Harvested 25-30 days after Nonpareil Soft shell; good shell integrity; fair suture opening Medium, narrow shape; slightly wrinkled surface
Butte California and Mission type Harvested 25-40 days after Nonpareil; versatile kernel applications Hard-shell; good shell integrity, no suture opening Small, short, wide shape; wrinkled surface
Padre California and Mission type Harvested 25-30 days after Nonpareil; similar to Butte Hard-shell; good shell; integrity; no suture opening Small, short, wide shape; dark brown; wrinkle surface
Mission Mission type Harvested 40–60 days after
Nonpareil; strong flavor;
not blanchable
Hard shell; good shell
integrity; no suture
opening
Small, short wide shape;
dark brown; deep
wrinkled surface
Monterey California type Harvested 40–60 days after
Nonpareil; high percentage
of doubles
Hard shell; brown color;
smooth surface; low
suture opening
Large, long narrow
shape; deep wrinkled
surface
Sonora California type Harvested 7–10 days after
Nonpareil; alternative to
Nonpareil
Paper shell; dark brown
color; rough surface; high
suture opening
Large, long narrow
shape; light color;
smooth surface
Fritz California and Mission type Harvested 40–60 days after
Nonpareil
Soft shell; light color; good
shell integrity; low suture
opening
Small, medium plump
shape; dark brown;
fairly wrinkled surface
Peerless Inshell-hard-shell Harvested 7–10 days after
Nonpareil
Hard shell; light color;
good shell integrity;
smooth surface; no suture opening
Medium, wide shape;
fairly wrinkled surface
Price California type Harvested 7–10 days after
Nonpareil; high percentage
of doubles
Paper shell; dark brown
color; rough surface; high
suture opening
Small, short narrow
shape; fairly wrinkled
surface